The City of Buenos Aires, also known as Capital Federal to be the seat of National Government, is the Capital of Argentina. Around 3 million people lives in this town, and if we consider as well the urban belt that surrounds it, the number of residents reaches the 12 million, making it the second most populated city in South America and one of the biggest 20 in the world.
It was founded in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza. A second foundation took place in 1580, after the natives of the area have reduced it to ashes, by Juan de Garay. In 1776 was named as Capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, which depended on Spanish Crown, retaining that status until the May 1810’s Revolution, date in which Argentina its Independence process.
State policies of that time encouraged the Country, which by the 1880s had its vast territories minimally populated, to open up to a First and Second Grand Programmed Migration. In a lapse of about twenty years, nearly two million people coming from Europe came to our country to get “La América”. The pluralism that this phenomenon generated, and the diversity of traditions, impacted with indelible seal on the culture, art, architecture and customs
of our country, making Buenos Aires the most European city in South America.
The push and the bustle of Spanish and Italians who were making their way at the beginning of the century, helped in the creation of the Milongas, where the Tango was danced at for the very first time. The wood planks of the railways that the British placed around the country, worked as the first football arches. De Mayo Avenue was covered by Cafés, and Corrientes Street was packed with theaters and cinemas. Our House in San Telmo was already a privileged witness of this magnificent spectacle.
Thus, over the years, the city of Buenos Aires grew out and up with great force. Today, beautiful green spaces coexist with an eclectic urban profile in shapes and styles, which makes it extremely appealing. The Art Dèco, Art Nouveau, Gothic Revival and Bourbon French Bourbon lives and rise as one. Buenos Aires is also the most important cultural center of the country for its wide variety of entertainment, art, design, fashion, sports, gastronomy among others, and is also recognized as one of the most vibrant and cosmopolitan cities in the world.
But our city is, above all, the portal to discover a vast, varied, and rich in unique customs Argentina. With a beautiful tourism offer, ready to be discovered: Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world; Misiones, with the Iguazú Falls. Mendoza, the land of great wine. Bariloche, the capital of the Patagonia. Salta “la Linda”, with its famous Train to the Clouds. Puerto Madryn, home of whales and penguins. Mar del Plata, capital of the Atlantic beaches.
La Pampa, the richest fields and home of the Gaucho. The Perito Moreno Glaciar, that invites you to walk on the eternal ice of one of the great natural wonders of this world. The unequalled Córdoba hills. And many other attractions, waiting to be visited.