The City of Buenos Aires, also known as the Federal Capital as the seat of the national government, is the capital of the Argentine Republic. Almost 3 million people live in it and if this is added the urban belt that surrounds it, the number of inhabitants amounts to 12 million, making it the second most populous in South America and one of the 20 largest in the world.
It was founded in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza and re-founded for the second time by Juan de Garay in 1580, after the Indians of the area reduced it to ashes. In 1776 it was nominated as the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, dependent on the Spanish crown, retaining that status until the May Revolution of 1810, date of the Independence of the Argentine Republic.
State policies of the time encouraged a country, which by 1880 had its immense, minimally populated territories, to open its doors to a first and second Scheduled Great Immigration. In an approximate period of twenty years, almost two million people from Europe came to our country to become America. The pluralism that this phenomenon generated and the diversity of traditions, impacted with an indelible stamp on the culture, art, architecture and customs in general of our country, making Buenos Aires the most European city in South America.
The thrust and bustle of Spaniards and Italians who made their way at the beginning of the century, gave rise to the milongas where the first tangos were danced. The wooden sleepers of the railroad tracks that the English came to sow all over the country, served as the first soccer arches. The cafes adorned Avenida de Mayo and the cinemas and theaters filled Corrientes Street, providing the social coloring of the time. Our house in San Telmo was already a privileged witness of this splendid show.
Thus, over the years, the city of Buenos Aires grew outward and upward with great force. Currently, its beautiful green spaces coexist with a decidedly eclectic urban profile in terms of shapes and styles, which makes it extremely striking. Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Gothic and Bourbon French coexist and rise as one. Buenos Aires is also the most important cultural center in the country for its wide range of leisure, art, design, fashion, sport, gastronomy among others, and is also recognized as one of the most vibrant and cosmopolitan cities in the world.
But our city is above all things the portal of entry to discover an immense, varied Argentina, and very rich in unique customs. With a beautiful offer ready to be discovered: Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world. Misiones, with its Iguazu Falls. Mendoza, the land of wine. Bariloche, the capital of Patagonia. Salta la Linda, with its famous Train of the Clouds. Puerto Madryn, home to whales and penguins. Mar del Plata, capital of the Atlantic beaches. The Pampa Húmeda, planted with Estancias and home to the Gaucho. The Perito Moreno Glacier, which invites you to walk on the eternal ice of one of the great Natural Wonders of this world. The incomparable Sierras de Córdoba. And many other attractions that await to be visited.